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15/Oct/2018
"Polyurethanes Technical Conference" shows more sustainable alternatives for polyurethane industry
On 1 - 3 October 2018, the 61st annual "Polyu
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12/Oct/2018
Conference "Fires in Vehicles"​ reveals that fire safety still needs to be improved in busses and electric cars
On 3 and 4 October 2018, the 5th biannual "Fi
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14/Aug/2018
New article on Recycling of Halogen-Free Flame-Retardant Plastics
Kunststoffe international 2018/08, PAGE 39 –
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23/Jan/2018
AMIs „Fire Resistance in Plastics“, 2017
The 12th international Fire Resistance in Plastics
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06/Oct/2017
Fraunhofer LBFs and PINFAs research activities on the recycling of plastics containing halogen free flame retardants
Recycling is an important issue with regard to the
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01/Sep/2017
New pinfa video: How effective are flame retardants for fire safety?
A new video from PINFA, the Phosphorus, Inorganic
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Causes of fire and fire statistics

 

Fires in homes are mainly caused by smoking, heating devices, electrical and electronic equipment and open fires.


Causes for building fires in the USA

These statistics show the distribution of fires in the USA by behaviour, the item first ignited and the heat or ignition sources which caused the fires. The data demonstrate that in addition to flammable liquids and gases, items like mattresses and upholstered furniture represent a high fire risk. Electrical equipment and installations are common ignition sources besides the handling of open flames.


Fires caused by smoking

In 2010, in the USA, an estimated 90,800 smoking materials fires took place. Theses fires caused:

  • 610 civilian deaths
  • 1570 civilian injuries, and
  • 663 million USD in direct property damage

The main causes for fatalities and injuries were mattresses and upholstered furniture. However, a decrease in smoking material fire deaths over the last 30 years has taken place, due to a decline in smoking and stricter fire resistant standards on mattresses and upholstered furniture, as well as the recently introduced "fire-safe" cigarette legislation.

Smoking-material fires in homes by leading item first ignited in 2006-2010
Smoking-material fires in homes by leading item first ignited in 2006-2010
Trends in civilian deaths in U.S. smoking material home fires
Trends in civilian deaths in U.S. smoking material home fires