- Flame Retardants
Fires in homes are mainly caused by smoking, heating devices, electrical and electronic equipment and open fires.
These statistics show the distribution of fires in the USA by behaviour, the item first ignited and the heat or ignition sources which caused the fires. The data demonstrate that in addition to flammable liquids and gases, items like mattresses and upholstered furniture represent a high fire risk. Electrical equipment and installations are common ignition sources besides the handling of open flames.
In 2010, in the USA, an estimated 90,800 smoking materials fires took place. Theses fires caused:
The main causes for fatalities and injuries were mattresses and upholstered furniture. However, a decrease in smoking material fire deaths over the last 30 years has taken place, due to a decline in smoking and stricter fire resistant standards on mattresses and upholstered furniture, as well as the recently introduced "fire-safe" cigarette legislation.