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06/Aug/2018
Fraunhofer LBFs and PINFAs research activities on the recycling of plastics containing halogen free flame retardants
Recycling is an important issue with regard to the
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01/Sep/2017
New pinfa video: How effective are flame retardants for fire safety?
A new video from PINFA, the Phosphorus, Inorganic
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04/Aug/2017
Recycling of plastic waste - curse or a blessing?
In our fast-paced „throwaway society“
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31/May/2017
Plastics for E&E applications, “fuse box meets dryer” 2017 in Würzburg
As in previous years „Kunststoffzentrum (SKZ
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01/Aug/2016
pinfa's first workshop in China confirms interest in halogen free FRs
In June 2016, over 250 people from academia, indus
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02/Nov/2015
1st International Asia-Oceania Symposium on Fire Safety Materials Science and Engineering (AOFSM’1 2015)
The 1st International Asia-Oceania Symposium on Fi
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Causes of fire and fire statistics

 

Fires in homes are mainly caused by smoking, heating devices, electrical and electronic equipment and open fires.


Causes for building fires in the USA

These statistics show the distribution of fires in the USA by behaviour, the item first ignited and the heat or ignition sources which caused the fires. The data demonstrate that in addition to flammable liquids and gases, items like mattresses and upholstered furniture represent a high fire risk. Electrical equipment and installations are common ignition sources besides the handling of open flames.


Fires caused by smoking

In 2010, in the USA, an estimated 90,800 smoking materials fires took place. Theses fires caused:

  • 610 civilian deaths
  • 1570 civilian injuries, and
  • 663 million USD in direct property damage

The main causes for fatalities and injuries were mattresses and upholstered furniture. However, a decrease in smoking material fire deaths over the last 30 years has taken place, due to a decline in smoking and stricter fire resistant standards on mattresses and upholstered furniture, as well as the recently introduced "fire-safe" cigarette legislation.

Smoking-material fires in homes by leading item first ignited in 2006-2010
Smoking-material fires in homes by leading item first ignited in 2006-2010
Trends in civilian deaths in U.S. smoking material home fires
Trends in civilian deaths in U.S. smoking material home fires