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25/Aug/2017


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01/Aug/2016
pinfa's first workshop in China confirms interest in halogen free FRs
In June 2016, over 250 people from academia, indus
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02/Nov/2015
1st International Asia-Oceania Symposium on Fire Safety Materials Science and Engineering (AOFSM’1 2015)
The 1st International Asia-Oceania Symposium on Fi
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19/Oct/2015
European fire tests for cables in building and CE-marking
In 2008, in the context of the Construction Produc
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02/Sep/2015
Electrical fires and fire safety requirements for E&E equipment
In a U.S. statistical overview from NFPA[i] on ele
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04/Aug/2015
prEN 16733: Standard draft for testing and classifying the propensity of construction products to undergo continuous smouldering
In the past, the smouldering of construction produ
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Causes of fire and fire statistics

 

Fires in homes are mainly caused by smoking, heating devices, electrical and electronic equipment and open fires.


Causes for building fires in the USA

These statistics show the distribution of fires in the USA by behaviour, the item first ignited and the heat or ignition sources which caused the fires. The data demonstrate that in addition to flammable liquids and gases, items like mattresses and upholstered furniture represent a high fire risk. Electrical equipment and installations are common ignition sources besides the handling of open flames.


Fires caused by smoking

In 2010, in the USA, an estimated 90,800 smoking materials fires took place. Theses fires caused:

  • 610 civilian deaths
  • 1570 civilian injuries, and
  • 663 million USD in direct property damage

The main causes for fatalities and injuries were mattresses and upholstered furniture. However, a decrease in smoking material fire deaths over the last 30 years has taken place, due to a decline in smoking and stricter fire resistant standards on mattresses and upholstered furniture, as well as the recently introduced "fire-safe" cigarette legislation.

Smoking-material fires in homes by leading item first ignited in 2006-2010
Smoking-material fires in homes by leading item first ignited in 2006-2010
Trends in civilian deaths in U.S. smoking material home fires
Trends in civilian deaths in U.S. smoking material home fires