RSS Feed
» News-Archive

08/May/2019
Cultural heritage in flames
The pictures of the fire of the Parisian church No
more
01/Apr/2019
The long and thorny way to greener electronics - chemicals management for the electronics industry remains a challenge
On 2019-03-28, ChemicalWatch organized a conferenc
more
15/Oct/2018
"Polyurethanes Technical Conference" shows more sustainable alternatives for polyurethane industry
On 1 - 3 October 2018, the 61st annual "Polyu
more
12/Oct/2018
Conference "Fires in Vehicles"​ reveals that fire safety still needs to be improved in busses and electric cars
On 3 and 4 October 2018, the 5th biannual "Fi
more
14/Aug/2018
New article on Recycling of Halogen-Free Flame-Retardant Plastics
Kunststoffe international 2018/08, PAGE 39 –
more
23/Jan/2018
AMIs „Fire Resistance in Plastics“, 2017
The 12th international Fire Resistance in Plastics
more

Intumescent flame retardant systems

Mode of action: formation of a voluminous, insulating protective layer through carbonization and simultaneous foaming

Intumescent systems puff up to produce foams. They are used to protect combustible materials such as plastics or wood, and those like steel, which lose their strength when exposed to high temperatures, against the attack of heat and fire.

Basically, intumescent flame retardant systems consist of the following:
1. "Carbon" donors (e.g. polyalcohols such as starch, pentaerythritol)
2. Acid donors (e.g. ammonium polyphosphate)
3. Spumific compounds (e.g. melamine)


Process of intumescent mechanism


1. Softening of the binder/polymer (e.g. polypropylene)


2. Release of an inorganic acid (e.g. ammonium polyphosphate)


3. Carbonization (e.g. of polyalcohols)


4. Gas formation by the spumific compound (e.g. melamine)


5. Foaming of the mixture


6. Solidification through cross-linking reactions

The picture below shows how the foam looks in the end. This coating expanded from a 1 mm layer to a 100 mm foam.