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29/May/2019
Electrified future
Also in 2019, renowned companies such as Henkel, S
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08/May/2019
Cultural heritage in flames
The pictures of the fire of the Parisian church No
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01/Apr/2019
The long and thorny way to greener electronics - chemicals management for the electronics industry remains a challenge
On 2019-03-28, ChemicalWatch organized a conferenc
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15/Oct/2018
"Polyurethanes Technical Conference" shows more sustainable alternatives for polyurethane industry
On 1 - 3 October 2018, the 61st annual "Polyu
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12/Oct/2018
Conference "Fires in Vehicles"‚Äč reveals that fire safety still needs to be improved in busses and electric cars
On 3 and 4 October 2018, the 5th biannual "Fi
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14/Aug/2018
New article on Recycling of Halogen-Free Flame-Retardant Plastics
Kunststoffe international 2018/08, PAGE 39 –
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Synergism

Today, flame retardants are mostly used as systems consisting of several components. The benefits of synergistic effects are particularly taken into account. Synergism means that the overall flame retardancy effect is higher than the sum of the single components effects.

A classical example is the synergy of antimony trioxide (ATO) with brominated or chlorinated compounds. ATO alone has no flame retardancy effect; with Br/Cl compounds, however, it is higher than the sum of the single effects.

Many synergistic systems based on phosphorous and nitrogen, metal hydroxides and salts have been developed in recent years. Examples are the synergy between metal phosphinates and melamine polyphosphate, as well as aluminum oxide hydrate (boehmite) or melamine polymetal phosphates.