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04/Aug/2017
Recycling of plastic waste - curse or a blessing?
In our fast-paced „throwaway society“
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31/May/2017
Plastics for E&E applications, “fuse box meets dryer” 2017 in Würzburg
As in previous years „Kunststoffzentrum (SKZ
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01/Aug/2016
pinfa's first workshop in China confirms interest in halogen free FRs
In June 2016, over 250 people from academia, indus
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02/Nov/2015
1st International Asia-Oceania Symposium on Fire Safety Materials Science and Engineering (AOFSM’1 2015)
The 1st International Asia-Oceania Symposium on Fi
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19/Oct/2015
European fire tests for cables in building and CE-marking
In 2008, in the context of the Construction Produc
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02/Sep/2015
Electrical fires and fire safety requirements for E&E equipment
In a U.S. statistical overview from NFPA[i] on ele
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Performance comparison of flame retardants for plastics

Halogenated, phosphorous- and nitrogen-containing flame retardants

 
  Halogenated Phosphorus based Nitrogen based Al(OH)3 /
Mg(OH)2
Acting site Gas phase Cond. /
Gas phase
Cond. /
Gas phase
Cond. /
Gas phase
Mode of action Chemical Chemical /
physical
Chemical /
physical
Physical
Efficiency + + + -
Polymer compatibility + 0 0 0
Fire side effects - + + +
Price/performance 0 0 0 0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Criteria definitions:

Efficiency: the amount of chemical to be used.

Polymer compatibility: indicates how well the flame retardants interacts with the plastic with which it is mixed. In unfavorable cases this means that the overall recipe of the plastic must be changed or optimized for the choice of flame retardants.

Fire side effects: this refers to the volume and toxicity of the smoke and formation of corrosive gases.

Price/performance: refers to the price that must be paid for the necessary fire protection performance, i.e. a small amount of an expensive flame protection medium is as good as a cheaper one where much larger amounts are required.